Top 11 Greatest Mountains of the World


Mountaineering is a popular sport and hobby and is a more advanced walk for all those hikers.

Humans, for many centuries, have always wanted to be on top of the world… or at least as high up as possible.

Perhaps it is that exact feeling of being on top of the world, perhaps it’s simply just the view or maybe it is to be the first person to reach the top.

All of these reasons are what makes the adventure of mountaineering so sort after in the world among many, many others.

The mountains themselves all have their different aspects and elements at play. One mountain might be thick jungle or forest growth while others are riddled with glaciers and ice-capped mountain peaks.

Mount Kinabalu

Mount Mt Kinabalu (4,095 m above sea level) is one of the most significant peaks in the world, the highest mountain on the third largest island in the world. It is also the highest point between the Himalayas and New Guinea.

Interestingly, the mountain is still growing – at about 5 mm per year. Mount Kinabalu is Borneo’s biological treasure. Here we will find explicit climatic zones and various soil types that make Kinabalu one of the richest areas for plant life. There are more than 5,000 species of plants here (for comparison, this is the same amount as in Europe and North America combined). Some of these plant species can only be found in Borneo.

Mount Kinabalu

Amphitheatre, Drakensberg

The Amphitheatre is 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) long and has steep cliffs that rise about 1220 meters (4000 feet) along its entire length. The lower part of the valley, where many photographs of the mountain structure are taken, is more than 1,830 meters (6,000 feet) below the highest point of the Amphitheatre (the summit is more than 3,050 meters (10,000 feet) above the sea level with the Mont-Aux-Sources 3,254 meters (11,000 feet) above sea level). Tugela Falls, the second-highest waterfall in the world, plunges over 948 meters (3,100 feet) from the top of the amphitheater’s cliff.

Amphitheatre, Drakensberg

Mount Huangshan

The Yellow Mountains region is located in eastern China in Anhui province, about 300 kilometers west of Hangzhou and 500 kilometers southwest of Shanghai. The Yellow Mountains Scenic Area is located about 50 kilometers north of Huangshan City.
Yellow Mountains is a literal translation of the Chinese name Huangshan.黄 in Chinese means yellow, and 山 means mountain. But this name was not given to these mountains because they are yellow. They were named after the legendary emperor Huang Di 皇帝, who lived in 747. At that time, Huangshan began to gain fame. Many Buddhist temples were built here. Since the 80s of the last century, the Yellow Mountains has become one of the main tourist destinations in China.

Mount Huangshan

Aoraki Mount Cook

Mount Cook National Park is situated in the Southern Alps of New Zealand’s South Island and is centered around Mount Cook – the country’s highest mountain – after which it is named. The park was officially formed in 1953 and comprises over 70000 hectares – nearly all of which is alpine wilderness and much of which is covered with ice including the massive 27km long Tasman Glacier – the largest in New Zealand which amazingly is up to 2000 feet deep in places.

Aoraki Mount Cook

Monte Fitz Roy

Witnessing the icecaps of Monte Fitz Roy is perfect for people who really enjoy hiking. On your journey, you shouldn’t skip the Patagonian Ice Field. The peaks of Fitz Roy happen to be highest in Los Glaciares National Park around close to 3,300 meters. You’ll find easy tracks for inexperienced trekkers that may usually take around two or three hours. There’ll be 40 significant glaciers in Fitz Roy in addition to lagoons, rivers, and lakes. You can find various condors zooming over the paths too. Though many trekkers have tried to get to the summit, not many reached the top.

Monte Fitz Roy

Mount Kailash

Mount Kailash, located in the far west corner of Tibet is the most sacred peak of Asia. The beauty of the 6638 meters (21,778 ft) high peak, that looks like a symmetrical cone-shaped rock capped by pure crystalline ice all the time, is echoed in various mythological and literary works. The surroundings include the beautiful Manasarovar Lake as well as the gigantic Gurla Mandata which culminates at 7728 meters high. There is no record of attempt to climb Mount Kailash despite lots of speculations and fairytales.

Mount Kailash


Mountains of Banff

The Canadian Rockies are composed of sedimentary rocks, shale, sandstone, limestone and quartzite, whose origin is the deposition of sediments in an inland sea. The geological formations of the mountains of Banff are dated between Precambrian and Jurassic. The mountains which are formed there are 80 to 120 million years old. Over the past 80 million years, erosion has taken its toll on the landscape. The mountains around Banff have several different forms depending on its composition of rock layers and their structure.

Mountains of Banff

K2

K2 lies between Pakistan and China and it is known as the second-highest mountain in the world. It is also known as the toughest mountain to climb. It has a height of 8611m and to climb that height is not an easy feat. After reaching a certain altitude, people will start to feel oxygen deprivation. This mountain has been nicknamed as the “Savage Mountain”. This nickname itself speaks a lot. Many people have died in their quest to reach its peaks. This is due to its rough and steep path along with its cold and very unpredictable weather. The climbers tend to die when they are about descend the mountain rather than when they are climbing it.


Table Mountain

Table Mountain is probably the biggest tourist attraction in the Western Cape Province. Whenever anyone lands, the first port of call is most definitely this magnificent mountain with its “table top”.

The base of Table Mountain consists out of granite while most of the mountain is sculpted from sandstone and rises about 1 086 m above the bay. Its flat summit measures around 3 km from one end to the other. Table Mountain has been declared a national monument and is home to more than 1 470 species of plants. This is more than all the plant species put together in the whole of the British Isle! Many of these plants appear nowhere else on earth including the rare Silver Tree.

Table Mountain

Matterhorn

One of the most unusual mountains, the Matterhorn, with a height of as much as 4478 meters, is the highest peak in Europe. It is located near the border of Italy and Switzerland, 10 km from the village of Zermatt which is the only resort in Europe that, since 1947, no longer allows cars access to keep the air clean and allow tourists to walk around while admiring the scenery.

Matterhorn

Mount Everest

Mount Everest which is the highest mountain of the world grows by 2 inches every year. It is detected by the Satellite technology that the current height of the mountain is 29,107 feet. Mount Everest attracts climbers from all parts of the world and of all sporting levels from the novice to the seasoned mountaineer and anyone that is willing to pay the price asked for by professional mountaineers to help them have a successful climb.

Although the mountain does not pose a climbing problem on the standard route, there is inherent danger on some of the other points. There is also the problem of certain illnesses that can be contracted by the climber such as altitude sickness. There are also dangers from wind and weather.

Mount Everest



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